Permethrin insecticides should be used only when nec… This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. Flea sprays, powders, and shampoos contain pyrethroid concentrations less than 1% – this concentration is highly unlikely to cause intoxication in cats. In such cases, skip the bath and head straight to the vet. Long story short, we don’t know for certain whether picaridin is safe for cats. Allethrin is a member of the pyrethroid insecticide family and is known to generally not be harmful to mammals. Thermacell does recommend trying not to directly inhale the fumes but it should be safe for friends, family, and children. They create a “zone of protection” for as long as the device is running. The short answer is ‘yes’. If the toxicity is due to skin overexposure, initial treatment should include a bath in cool water with a good grease-dissolving dish soap (most veterinarians tend to use Dawn® dish soap). By Ian Santino. While it is safe to use Thermacell Mosquito Repeller around people, we recommend that people using it should keep their pets, such as cats, indoors, away from its vapors. Unfortunately, exposure to concentrated permethrin (as in some dog spot-ons) can result in serious illness and even death in cats. Plug-in repellents often have bright lights that may look attractive to babies and young children. It is applied to the skin as a cream or lotion. Spare your cat, and yourself, the trauma by taking the proper steps to avoid exposure in the first place. The study concluded that "through hormonal pathways, exposure to certain pyrethroids may contribute to reproductive dysfunction, developmental impairment, and cancer". One of the most common ways we see cats being poisoned by pyrethrins is by inappropriate application of dog flea and tick medications placed on a cat; this should never be done without consultation with a veterinarian. Cats are more sensitive to permethrin than other mammals, but cat lovers can still use the insecticide as long they're careful about it, veterinarians say. The above were sent to me to review. This means that if you’re taking your cat out camping, you may want to try something else, such as a citronella lamp. Zika infection during pregnancy can put babies at risk for death and birth defects including small brains (microcephaly), poor growth, and hearing or eyesight loss. As an online informational resource, Preventive Vet is unable to and does not provide specific medical advice or counseling. Apparently cats should be kept away from allethrin though as it is toxic to them. S. ome of our closest companions are pets. And if you have a cat, there are things you absolutely need to know about these insect-killing compounds in order to keep your cat safe. The amount of pyrethrin/pyrethroid “active ingredients” in the products made for dogs is far too much for cats to handle. Read more here. When you plug in the zapper, it heats up and releases a fine vapour. A pyrethroid is an organic compound similar to the natural pyrethrins, which are produced by the flowers of pyrethrums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and C. coccineum).Pyrethroids are used as commercial and household insecticides.. It is about as toxic to humans as allethrin, but is very toxic to cats because their bodies cannot quickly break down the chemical. Safe and does not involve using chemicals. Toxin exposure sometimes occurs without the cat owner being aware of it. DEET: (N-diethyl-m-toluamide) Repellents containing DEET are safe for adults and children when used according to directions. Pyrethroids: Not as safe as you think ©2000 Melissa Kaplan . Prallethrin,[9] active ingredient in Baygon and All Out (India), Transfluthrin, an active ingredient in Baygon. Unfortunately, even when you use dog products safely and according to manufacturer’s instructions on your dog, it's still possible for your cat to develop pyrethrin toxicity. Topics: 71910-2; REFERENCE NOTIFICATION LABEL Page 2 of 31 DIRECTIONS FOR USE It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. Permethrin insecticides are available in creams, lotions, and sprays. In household concentrations pyrethroids are generally harmless to humans. Following any at-home bath(s) for skin exposure, an affected cat should still be brought to the vet for evaluation and further treatment. Be sure to ask and specify that you need pet-safer methods and products to be used. In addition, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) states that DEET is safe for use in pregnancy. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. flea control, This is at no cost to you, but it helps fund the free education that we have on our website. Is Thermacell safe for pets? The following list of pyrethroid compounds was pulled from a fairly comprehensive article on Wikipedia (you can also find more information about pyrethrins and pyrethroids from the EPA). If you are worried that your pet is having an emergency or if you have specific medical questions related to your pet’s current or chronic medical conditions, please contact or visit your veterinarian, an animal-specific poison control hotline, or your local emergency veterinary care center. Although exposure to allethrin has a minor effect on humans, note that allethrin exposure can be fatal to cats, bees, and fish. Side effects include rash and irritation at the area of use. You’ll also want to ensure that no pets try to lick or eat the allethrin mat strips when they are being stored in your home. Even though it might cause some skin irritation, it is not dangerous or unsafe for adults or children over two months of age. If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. Pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity in cats is most commonly the result of someone who, in an effort to save time or money, used a pyrethrin/pyrethroid-containing product intended for dogs on their cat(s). Pyrethrin is one of two liquid esters derived from Pyrethrum (feverfew) (C 21 H 28 O 3 or C 22 H 28 O 5) that are used as insecticides. If you have a cat or multiple cats and would like to avoid pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products, which I typically* recommend to any cat owner, below are some of the safer and most-effective flea control products for cats. Allethrin is an area repellent that is dispersed into the air and is up to 98% effective in fighting mosquitoes, black flies, and no-see-ums. No. No. Although the actual amount of active ingredient, allethrin, … They kill insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly. What are the pyrethroids? Although picaridin has been demonstrated to be safe in other species, including dogs, there’s no published evidence about toxicity in cats. Other signs resulting from pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity often include: If left untreated, pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity can be fatal to cats. This page may contain affiliate links, for which we earn a commission for qualifying purchases. Pyrethrins, and the related but more potent, chemically derived pyrethroids, are widely-used insecticides in flea and tick prevention products used around homes and on cats and dogs. ). Pyrethrins, for the most part, do seem to be relatively safe for most pets, though dosage is still the key. ThermaCELL works by vaporizing low doses of allethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide. The insecticides can be applied to the broad carpet or only to the spots of the carpets. It should be noted that pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based flea products are not always dangerous — these compounds can effectively control fleas (and ticks) and, when used correctly and according to label directions, they can be safe for use on both cats and dogs. These safer alternatives are equally as effective, or in many cases more effective, than the pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based products. See details. Even though this pesticide can be found in medications and is meant to be applied to the skin, it is a chemical and, therefore, can cause rashes, hypersensitivity, and skin irritation. NPR’s sites use cookies, similar tracking and storage technologies, and information about the device you use to access our sites (together, “cookies”) to enhance your viewing, listening and user experience, personalize content, personalize messages from NPR’s sponsors, provide social media features, and analyze NPR’s traffic. The use of pyrethrins/pyrethroids is very safe in dogs; however, cats and fish are very sensitive to pyrethrins/pyrethroids. A thorough physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinary-patient-client relationship is required to provide specific medical advice. This is because cats snuggle with and groom dogs, which can lead to accidental pyrethrin exposure and an unwelcome trip to the veterinary ER. Many on-line sites list pyrethrins as being safe for cats, and as far as we can tell, used judiciously, they are not too much more toxic for cats than they are for dogs. This study showed that average levels of chemical contaminants were much higher in dogs and cats than in humans, with dogs testing 2.4 times higher in perfluorochemicals and cats testing 5 times higher in mercury and 23 times higher in fire retardants (PBDEs). Insect repellent use in areas with mosquitos carrying the Zika virus is critical. What happens to d-phenothrin when it enters the body? Not only is pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity a dangerous and distressing situation for your cat, it’s also a major hit to your heart and wallet. “New restrictions will be placed on these products, and pet owners need to carefully read and follow all labeling before exposing your pet to a pesticide,” the EPA’s Steve Owens said in a press release announcing the changes. It’s safe to use this mosquito repellent around people, but recommended that you keep pets indoors, away from the vapours. All rights reserved. Some cats will require multiple baths. You can use electrical plug-ins like the Mortein Odourless Mozzie Zapper daily whenever mosquitoes are an issue. Note that you must be careful not to get water into your cat’s mouth and lungs during the bath, as your tremoring cat will be less able to protect their own airway. This could also be a concern if you hire a pest control service, which may use a pyrethrin/pyrethroid-based insecticide in and around your home. Furthermore, products containin less than 0.2% permethrin are considered safe for our feline friends. Permethrin is an insecticide and an acaricide (tick and mite killer). Allethrin (mosquitoes): Devices that disperse allethrin, a synthetic derivative of chrysanthemum plants, use a small amount of butane fuel or a rechargeable lithium battery and allethrin repellent mats. Some of the products recommended below are also effective for tick and/or other parasite control on cats. Cats in particular may be more sensitive to this ingredient. d-Phenothrin can also cause allergic skin reactions and skin sensations. The insecticides which contain the chlorpyrifos, bendiocarb, and allethrin may be what you can choose since they are said to be the most effective ones for getting rid the carpet beetles. What I can say, is I’m not aware of any picaridin-containing products that are specifically licensed for use on cats. ALLETHRIN is an ester and ketone. Unfortunately, pyrethrins and pyrethroids (especially permethrin) are not species-specific in their toxicity, meaning they can also cause severe and significant problems in pets, especially cats (who lack the liver enzymes necessary to process these compounds as they are absorbed through the skin). The Thermacell Holster with … They kill insects by preventing their nervous system from functioning properly. It is highly toxic to aquatic life, however. First of all these repellents wont kill the mosquitoes. It’s just not worth the risk, especially when there are far safer alternatives available. You might not have ever heard the words “pyrethrin,” “pyrethroid,” or “permethrin,” but if you hate fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes and have pets, there’s a good chance you’ve got a pyrethrin or pyrethroid-containing product in your home. To prevent pyrethrin/pyrethroid toxicity in your cat, while still keeping them free of fleas and other parasites, take the following preventive measures: If you’re worried about pyrethrin toxicity, and have opted to use a flea treatment for your cat not listed in the alternatives provided above, make sure you carefully read the labels. When the lighting is just right, like in a pop-up blind with some side light coming in window, you can see the allethrin vapor rising up from the device like smoke from a candle. © 2020 Preventive Vet. Safe Cat Flea Treatments & the Danger of Pyrethrin and Pyrethroid Toxicity, Please do not ask emergency or other specific medical questions about your pets, Learn more about flea treatment and prevention, Shaking, twitching, muscle tremors (often mistaken for seizures), Injectable medications to stop muscle tremors, IV fluid therapy to restore and help maintain hydration while the cat can’t eat safely on their own, IV lipid therapy to help absorb and clear the toxin, Allethrin, the first pyrethroid synthesized, Bifenthrin, active ingredient of Talstar, Capture, Ortho Home Defense Max, and Bifenthrine, Cyfluthrin, an active ingredient in Baygon, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin, Cypermethrin, including the resolved isomer alpha-cypermethrin, dichlorovinyl derivative of pyrethrin, Cyphenothrin, active ingredient of K2000 Insect spray sold in Israel and the Palestinian territories, Deltamethrin, dibromovinyl derivative of pyrethrin. 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